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Member Articles & Blogs > Articles > Illustrated Catalog of Soviet Electronic Photo Flashes by Vladimir Zverev
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Illustrated Catalog of Soviet Electronic Photo Flashes by Vladimir Zverev


№1

Soviet electronic flash

Illustrated catalog by Vladimir Zverev

This catalog is exploratory in nature and not intended to be encyclopedic level.

Any great state famous for its history. And the history of the development of Soviet electronic flash is closely intertwined with the history of the Soviet Union.

I was born in the Soviet Union, and I am interested in this part of the history of my great country. This article was written for the interest and for the Idea. On it spent a total of two months. I mean - not sixty calendar days, and about a thousand hours, torn from their sleep and from the rest when I come home after work. If you multiply this time on my salary, it is priceless. Apriceless things are done for the Idea.

This catalog is, of course, the prototype. Issues when drawing up there was a lot.

As mentioned earlier, under the planned economy in the Soviet Union the same model of electronic flashes are produced in different plants. So flash 1959 Norma FIL-1 structurally resembled "EV-1" type "Molniya" plant MELZ 1955. Flash Norma FIL-40 was a copy of the Kharkov flash "Svet." A photo-flash "Leningrad EV-5" released as "EV-5" in association "Sigma" in Lithuania. But some time later the Baltic designers went their separate ways.

I can not say this with 100% certainty. (for this discussion.) This product was produced in defense enterprises and official data were classified, and in the period of "Perestroika" lost in the factory archives.

Besides some missing models have also questions the true producers of these products. It was very difficult to determine the actual manufacturer of a particular model. Flashlights made ​​by government military facilities as a "sideline" products. Raised only Factory logo. And in the instructions and on the warranty card raised the address of the repair shop.

Some models, judging by the logos ("EV-5," "Photon", "Zelenograd", etc.), released on 2-3 plants.


Also in various references are found on different characteristics of the same model. As in the different instructions on the same model flash different years of release. The front panel and the calculator Extracts, product color, embossing glass reflector - everything changed within a single model.


Product post-Soviet period? They are Ukrainian, Belarusian and Moscow. A marking on them - the Soviet. Flash series "Electronics PV 30__hh" developed industrial association NPO"Zenit" (???), their production has been established in several Moscow factories. Flash series "Electronics PV 20__hh \ (" Danko ") made ​​in Lviv.

Generally, some of the company who sold the Soviet optics abroad (for example, English TOE - Technical & Optical Instrument, Ltd.), actively used the well-known, although not registered, Helios brand to staff line interchangeable lens lenses manufactured in the Far East (although they not given her for optics production Krasnogorsk - unlike the above objectives were not raised trademark KMZ)

In addition to interchangeable lens, under the name of «Helios» sold (and still occur in the sale) and also other photographic accessories: flash lamp (see. Examples advertising firm TOE page Booklets Archives section), tripods, photo bags and other from quite a well-known manufacturers.


In this directory, you will meet certain technical and historical concepts, as well as obsolete concept. So I will try to explain them in advance.

Abbreviations:

127, 220 - powered by an AC 127V or 220V

300 - power from the DC source voltage of 300V

330М - The battery-powered 330-EVMGZ (dry-cell battery type "Molniya")

А – accu battery, for example 2NKG - 0,7DV (2.5V);

Зу - charger

Б - low-voltage battery (type A-316 \ item AA)

2 Б, 4 Б - two or four low-voltage battery, for example type 3336L or 3336U;

Вб - Electro mechanical vibration voltage converter

Пт - transistor voltage converter

БП - power Supply

О - Illuminator

Э - low-voltage element (such as 373 ("Saturn", "Mars") \ item type D)

Electromechanical vibration voltage converter

In modern photoflash to improve low voltage (a few volts) to work (about 300 V) applied voltage converters for semiconductor devices - transistors. DC voltage low voltage battery is converted into AC power which increases transformer to work, and then rectified to charge the storage capacitor.

В советских импульсных фотовспышках ранних выпусков использовались электромеханические преобразователи напряжения, так называемые «вибропреобразователь напряжения».

In Soviet pulsed photoflash early issues with electromechanical voltage converters, the so-called "vibration voltage converter "

"Vibration voltage converter "- an electromechanical device designed to convert low voltage DC to AC voltage by switching contacts.

Vibration voltage converter. Made ​​in GDR, (photo by Alexei Abyzova)

Vibration voltage converter (or electromagnetic voltage converter) are electromechanical devices which serve to convert a DC signal into an AC signal by periodically switching circuit by the contacts. They are less reliable and are more susceptible to noise at work. Once launched production of dynamic capacitors (1973-1976) and transistor voltage converters - the use of the “Vibration voltage converter” in the production of voltage flash units over.

Since e-filling on the Soviet photoflash several lagged behind the best foreign samples for offline use Soviet (powered by AC 220v) photoflash were provided a variety of external sources of supply.

330М - The battery-powered 330-EVMGZ (ЭВМГЦ )

(dry-cell battery type "Molniya")

For the first Soviet electronic flash and powerful "hammer" photoflash like "Luch" or «FIL-100-x» for stand-alone use used dry-charged battery. The most famous product- "330M" battery type "Molniya" 330 EV MHz -1000 \ 1250

Symbol structure

"Molniya" - trade name;

ЭВ-high-volt

МГЦ– (MHz) - manganese-zinc system;

330- freshly battery voltage - 330V, (final - 240)

1000\1250- freshly battery voltage - 330V, (final - 240)

The maximum dimensions mm 120х63х141

Weight, kg -1,4

While charging the capacitor to a voltage of 240 V max, s - 6

Guaranteed shelf life - 6 months

For older models photoflash also used: dry battery type 320-PMZG, GB-300 №2, GB-300 №4, or others. They are same characteristics with battery "Molniya"

Power from a DC source voltage 300V

Power from a DC source voltage 300V implies a: the use of an external power supply for Power from a AC 220v photoflash. This voltage converter voltage transformed from a few batteries in a mains voltage of 220V

The peculiarity of the Soviet powered by AC 220v photoflash became available voltage converters. They appeared in the 70s. The converter is self-powered photoflash in the absence of mains or for more convenient work with the flash. He used a standard low-voltage battery ("3336L» \ «3R12» and «373» \ «D»), allowing the outbreak to operate independently from the AC

In the Soviet Union issued the following voltage converters.

"PN-70" - Voltage converter for photoflash "Svet," "Photon" and some other models.

"IPV - 1", the flash power supply to powered by AC 220v electronic flash type "SEF-2\3."

"BPF-1", "BPF-2", high capacity power supply powered for autonomous power for powered by AC 220v photoflash (type «Norma FIL-105") with a nominal energy 36J.

"ABP", Autonomous power supply for powered by AC 220v photoflash (FIL-16).

"PNM-1", voltage converter to flash "Luch." Replace the battery "Molniya". The device is used for high-powered photoflash.

Accu battery type NKGZ (НКГЦ)

(Nickel Cadmium sealed cylindrical Accu battery) is able to replace the battery size AA, but, in contrast, may be charged. So interestingly, that the Soviet NKGZ -0.5 after 20 years (!) more workable.

Nickel-cadmium batteries size AA became available in the 80s and was worth more than 3 rubles, which was very expensive. Not everyone can afford such a luxury.

Built-in Rechargeable battery D-0.55 C

Built-in Rechargeable battery D-0.55 C applied at the flash "Electronika B5-24" ("Danko")

Batteries for electronic flash

Product type \ Nominal voltage, V \ Maximum dimensions, mm \ Weight, kg

"Molniya" 330 120x63x141 1.4

Element 3336 4.5 63 × 60 × 22.

Element 373 1.5 34,2x62x62

Element A316 1.5 14,5x14.5x48.5 0,025

3336L (3R12) 373 (D) A-316 (AA) «Krona" (P3)

It should be noted, similar to Soviet (cheap) batteries today have a grade lower than the Soviets. Of course, the "top brand" like Duracell, Energizer, Varta, Sanyo - apart from the competition.

For the Soviet flash lamp FO-1b used batteries FBS-0.25 (Lantern battery dry, capacity 0.25 A • h) In the USSR, the elements were designated 1,3FMTS-0.25, FBS-0.25 (Lantern battery dry, with a capacity of 0.25 A • h), later - 332 (with salt electrolyte) and A332 (with alkaline electrolyte). 1,3FMTS-0.25, FBS-0.25 (1,3ФМЦ-0,25, ФБС-0,25)

element “Sirius 332”, also known as R-10, also known as FBS-0.25

Currently available in only a handful of manufacturers.

Hit number one in sales in the USSR were certainly 3336L (in modern classification - 3R12 \ 4.5) is popularly referred to as "ploskaya" or "kvadrat" ("flat" or "square")

Initially, in the 1950s - 1960s battery had tradename KBS (КБС –“для карманного фонаря батарея сухая”, flashlight battery dry), and later 3336, "Planeta", "Rubin". There were "summer" and "cold" variants, they were designated KBS-L-0.5, 3336L and KBS -X 0.7, 3336H, respectively. Electrodes were sealed paper control tape with repeating the words: "Do not you check not to disrupt the" ", and check that they can be, only revealing the - language if burns, so favorable.

.

KBSL-0.5 or 3336L on 4.5V the (flat batteries from a flashlight (also known as 4.5 V \ 3R12)

Alkaline battery options were not issued. When the service life has ended, they tend to flow electrolyte generally became visually clear.

Followed by "3336" by popularity came thick circular elements "373" ("Saturn", "Mars", "Orion") to 1.5V (according to the modern classification of D or R20).

Most batteries are saline and they are, by definition, are flowing.

Had not yet learned how to make salt sealed batteries, in spite of this, the quality was always good. For large capacity battery size D (element 373) were quite capacious. They always had a long time. Proceeded with approximately the same frequency as the "square."

Battery 373 ran, not because they were "cardboard" cup. The cup was a real, zinc, only the shelf life was limited, and the reaction they slowly passed. If guessed then Soviet designer to make a cup batteries are not cardboard and plastic!

№2

Illustrated catalog

flashgun "FO-1V" ФО-1в») Disposable flash lamp

Manufacturer: Factory MELZ

Year: 1947-1959

For Soviet cameras 40-50h years used disposable flash lamp MELZ. For sale this set of flash lamp had called photo-illuminator "FO-1b."

Photo from the collection of Vladimir Danilov-Eckert, Krasnoyarsk

Dimensions: height 260 mm

Reflector diameter 150mm

width 50mm

Weight: with bracket without batteries and lamps 280 g

Used the flash of the type "F-1" (Ф-1)

Rated luminous energy of 25,000 lumen-seconds


Angle light scattering: 50 °.

Power supply: three 1.5V batteries FBS

FBS (ФБС- фонарная батарея сухая)

The first Soviet electronic flash 50s were:

1955 Moscow E-flash called "Molniya EV-1" plant MELZ

1957 flash "Luch-57" from Kharkov

1959 Tallinn photoflash "Norma FIL-1"

Although it is believed that the flash "Luch-57" and "Luch-59" gathered in Kharkov, Logo of the Moscow plant something explains.

Model "EV-2" and "EV-3" are known as flash "Norma FIL-1" and "Luch-57." They were produced in Tallinn and Kharkov. Reflectors on the models "Luch-57" and "59-Luch" even standing MELZ logo. Muscovites gave his colleagues not only technology, but also the blank products. That is why the reflectors of the first models of photoflash was MELZ logo.Model "Luch-57" and "Norma FIL-1" can not be found on the second-hand market. They were not commercially available, and were collected from a limited batch plant parts MELZ for "break-in" and the subsequent refinement. They were given professional photographers and reporters. The following models of photoflash - "Luch-59" and "Norma FIL-2" were produced in large quantities and they could be bought.

The reason why the plant MELZ moved production of new models photoflash to another place has long been classified. Creative and technical force businesses were "drawn" for other purposes. In 1959, the Soviet phototelevision complex "Yenisei" installed on the space station "Luna - 3", transmitted to Earth the world's first image side of the moon. This complex, developed by Leningrad, was made at the factory MELZ. By the development of new models photoflash specialists of the plant back in 1960.

But, to the delight of consumers, once in the three republics of the Soviet Union began to produce electronic flash units.

Flash EV-1 ("Molniya ")

Manufacturer: MELZ, Moscow, Year of manufacture 1955

LOGO "MELZ" Moscow electric lamp factory

Note - The product had a few modifications

Flash duration: 1/2000 sec. or - 1 / 1000s

The minimum interval between flashes, 5-10 sec

Dimensions, mm

Weight, kg-3.1 kg.

Nominal electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number for film ISO-65 is 20, for the film ISO-130 is 23 \ 28
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °.

Power supplies in the first series: battery type "Molniya" (330M - powered by batteries 330- EVMZG).

Power supplies in the second series, from 220 V AC mains or battery type "Molniya" by Adapter

Flash "EV-2" ("Norma FIL-1")

Manufacturer: Norma factory, Tallinn. Year of production 1959

NOTE:Model "EV-2" more commonly known as flash "Norma FIL-1" is available in Tallinn.

Flash"EV-3" ("Luch-57")

Manufacturer: Factory Nº206, Kharkov Economic Council. Release year 1957

NOTE: Model "EV-3" more commonly known as flash "Luch-57." Produced in Kharkov. Muscovites gave his colleagues not only technology, but also the blank products. That is why the reflectors of the first models "Luch-57" and "Luch-59" logo was even MELZ

Flash "EV-4"("Zarya")

Manufacturer MELZ, Moscow Year of production 1960, the price

Note: The flash without storage capacitor is powered directly from the AC mains. It is possible to reduce the size and weight of the product

Folding fan-reflector (iris) type soften hard light flash lamp, giving a soft uniform illumination required for portrait shooting

Recommended shutter sync --1 / 25 seconds (regardless of the type of the gate).

Flash duration: 1/150 s or c 1 / 500sek

The minimum interval between flashes, with at 127 - 10, 220 - 20

Dimensions, mm

Weight - 0.25 kg.

Lifetime (the stated number of pulses flares) – 2000

Rated Electrical energy: at 127 volts - 35 J, at 220 - 60 joules.
Guide Number for film ISO-65 at 127 volts – 20 and at 220 volts - 29, respectively
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °.
Power supplies - from 127 or 220 VACmains

Wide dissemination of this flash unit is not received, as it works only on AC power, has a low stability of the flash energy and other shortcomings.

Flash "Leningrad" ("EV-5", "EV-6")

Manufacturer MELZ, Moscow. Year of production 1962, the price

Note: This is a product under the brand name "EV-5" was later produced by association "Sigma" (at the Vilnius calculating machines factory)

Flash duration: 1 / 500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 15-20 sec..

Dimensions: 150x62x148mm

Mass: "EV-5" -1.2 kg, "EV-6" -1 kg

Notes: one set of batteries provides 70-75 flashes.

Flash diffuser was completed, he was attached to the reflector

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J

Guide Number: for film ISO-130 is 24, for film ISO-90 is18, for film ISO-65 is16, for film ISO-45 is 12
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °.
Power Supplies "EV-5": 2 batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (flat batteries from a flashlight (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12)

Power Supplies "EV-6": 2 batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (flat batteries from a flashlight (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12) or on AC 220

Flash "Electronika B5-03" (flash cube "Zelenograd")

Other names: PKF (prefix Cube photographic)

As mentioned previously in the Soviet planned economy the same model flash units produced at different factories of the country.

Manufacturer: NPO "Zenit" (not verified). Date of manufacture - 1980, price 11rub

Manufacturer: State Enterprise Lorta (Lviv State Plant) (not verified). Date of production-1981, the price of 17 rubles

Designed for instant illumination of objects when shooting in black and white or color film. Work in conjunction with the flash lamp "Cube". Flashbulb "Cube" - a set of 4 small chemical light single action. Flash- сube.

Note: The system is based on the block type: battery pack "PKF" and removable four-type fixtures Kodak flash-cube (cubes)

To start, "cubes" used a special battery pack "PKF"

Flash duration: 1 / 60s

The minimum interval between flashes: 6-10 sec..

Dimensions (battery-top boxes) 34х34х77 mm, flash "Cube" – 28x28x34mm

In the package included 6 cubes designed for 24 outbreaks.

Weight: 0.1 kg.

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64 is 24
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °.
Power Source: Battery type "Krona" (Modern- 9V \ PP3)

Disposable flash "Zelenograd" or "Cube" appeared in the early 1980s as a response to the popular "flash-cube" Kodak's late 70s.

Radio components factory in Arzamas

(Arzamas radiodetails)

E-flash “SEF” (СЭФ or «Сетевая электронная фотовспышка» - "220 V AC mains electronic flash") has long been the best-selling model in the USSR. The product is famous for simplicity, reliability and low price. It is jokingly called "flash for non-rich". For AC mains electronic flash (running on 220 V AC power) of the "SEF-2", "SEF-3" manufactured battery power supply "IPV -1" (power supply for e-flash)

Each model of the flash had several modifications. Color: black, gray, beige. "Foot" on the hot shoe could be a metal or plastic. Calculator located on the side and rear. This could be a disk and tabulated. On the front panel, and changed the inscription "symbols" -Olympiada-80, anniversary, a sign of quality. The reflector changed embossing glass, "pimples", "grill" rare "frosted".

LOGO Arzamas radio-details factory

Flash "SEF-2"

Manufacturer: Arzamas radiodetailsfactory. Date of manufacture - 1972-1980, the price of 15 rubles. 60 kopecks.

Flashduration: 1 / 1000s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 45х65х142 mm

Weight: 0.45 kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 23 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64
is 12
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °.
Power supply: AC 220V

Flash "SEF-3"

Manufacturer: Arzamas radiodetailsfactory. Date of manufacture -? , the price of 16 rubles.

Flash duration: 1 / 1000s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 47х85х106mm

Weight: 0.35 kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64
is 17
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °.
Power supply: AC 220V
, DC voltage of 300V (power supply for e-flash "IPV -1")


Flash "SEF-3M"

Manufacturer: Arzamas radiodetailsfactory. Date of manufacture -? , the price of 19 rubles.

Flash duration: 1 / 1000s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 46х63х101mm

Weight: 0.3 kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64
is 12
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °
Power supply: AC 220V

Ukrainian electronic photoflash

In 1957, in order to bring control to the production line ministries were abolished, a instead created territorial departments of the national economy.

Territory of the USSR was divided into administrative and economic areas. All enterprises in the administrative economic region formed a single economic complex.

Manage them became Economic Council (Economic Council). In 1962, he created instead of the beginning of this year, 14 economic administrative regions in the USSR was created 7 economic regions that were run on 7 sovnarkhozes (совнархоз): Donetsk, Kiev, Lviv, Podolsky, Dnieper, Kharkov, and the Black Sea.

OAO"Elitan", Ukraine.

Kharkov factory Radiodetal (plant №206 (Харьковский совнархоз) Kharkov Economic Council). Plant abolished in 1998 on the territory of the plant operating on, and later - Open Joint Stock Company "Elitan." Where is the archive of the enterprise is not known.

Other names: Kharkov factory "Radiodetal", "plant №206 of Kharkov sovnarkhoze (Economic Council)." In addition to the plant were assembled portable TV "Electronika", electronic flashes, speakers and so on. Closed in 1998

LOGO Kharkov factory "Radiodetal" was used from 1960 to 1973. The same plant "Radiodetal" from 1972 to 1989:

LOGO State Enterprise "Kharkov plant of electrical equipment (ECHO)"

LOGO State Enterprise Lorta, Lviv State Plant

№3

Model "Luch-57" and "59-Luch" ("Kharkiv") issued by each other, in essence no different, and based on the flash "EV-1" type Molniya. Model "Luch-59" was different from the flash "Luch-57" lack of plug sockets to enable the fixtures ["SF" (Journal of Soviet Photography), №2, 1960] - Illuminator is connected to the power supply wire length of about 1 m. Both models allow for the use additional (second) illuminator, which flash "Luch-59" was completed with additional plug strip (see. pictured).

Few people know that in the first reflectors flashbulbs models "Luch-57" and "Luch-59" logo was MELZ. Flash "Luch-57" - a "failed" "SF-3". Muscovites gave his colleagues not only technology, but also the blank products. That is why the reflectors of the first models of flashlights "Luch-57" and "Luch-59" logo was MELZ. Were collected restricted party "Luch-57" of the parts of the plant MELZ for "break-in" and the subsequent refinement. They were given professional photographers and reporters. The following models of flashlights - "Luch-59" produced in large quantities and can be bought …

MELZ logo on the flash unit “Luch-57”

Flash "Luch-57" ("EV-3", limited edition)

Manufacturer: Factory Nº206, Kharkov Sovnarkhoz(Economic Council). Release year 1957

In Ukraine was assemblyed are limited number of electronic flashes "Luch-57" of the components produced by MELZ for "break-in" and the subsequent refinement.

They were given professional photographers and reporters. The following models of flashlights - "Luch-59" produced in large quantities and they could bebought.

Flash duration: 1 / 500s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions :

Weight:

Note: Kit allows you to connect an additional reflector

Rated Electrical energy: :100 J, 60 J, 40 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64 is 31.
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.
Power supply: AC 220V
or battery "Molniya" (dry batteries VMZG 330-1000), located in the power supply box.

Flash “Luch-59”

Manufacturer: Factory Nº206, Kharkov Sovnarkhoz(Economic Council). Year of production 1959,

Flash duration: 1 / 500s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions :

Weight:

Note: Kit allows you to connect an additional reflector

Rated Electrical energy: 100 J, 60 J, 40 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64 is 31.
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.
Power supply: AC 220V
or battery "Molniya" (dry batteries VMZG 330-1000), located in the power supply box.

Flash “Luch-61”

Manufacturer: Factory Nº206, Kharkov Sovnarkhoz(Economic Council). Year of production1961

Flash duration: 1 / 500s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions :

Weight:

Note: Kit allows you to connect an additional reflector

Rated Electrical energy: 100 J, 60 J, 40 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64 is 31.
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.
Power supply: AC 220V
or battery "Molniya" (dry batteries VMZG 330-1000), located in the power supply box.



FlashLuch-63

Manufacturer: Factory "Radiodetal" Kharkiv. Year of production 1963, the price

Note: Kit allows you to connect an additional reflector

Flash duration: 1 / 500s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 210х255х155 mm

Weight: 3,5kg

Rated Electrical energy: 100 J, 60 J, 40 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-64 is 31.
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.
Power supply: AC 220V
or battery "Molniya" (dry batteries VMZG 330-1000), located in the power supply box.

Flash ”Luch-68

Manufacturer: Factory "Radiodetal" Kharkiv. Year of production 1968, the price

Further modification of family "Luch" foto-flashes


Flash duration: 1/200, 1/400, 1/500 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 210х255х155 mm

Weight: 3,5kg

Notes: two flashes in the kit

Rated Electrical energy: 100 J, 60 J, 40 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-130 is 26\ 33\ 42.
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.
Power supply: AC 220V
or battery "Molniya" (dry batteries VMZG 330-1000), located in the power supply box.

Flash ”Luch-70”\ ”Luch-2”

Manufacturer: Factory "Radiodetal" Kharkiv. Year of production 1970, the price

Compared with previous models fundamentally changed the design of fixtures - in accordance with the trends of fashion, they decreased in size and rectangular. Option "Luch-2" different appearance and reduced to 2.28 kg (?) Weighing kit (compared to 3.5 kg for the model "Luch-70"

Flash duration: 1/500 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 210х255х155 mm

Weight: 3,5kg \ 2.28 kg\

Notes: two flashes in the kit

Rated Electrical energy: 100 J, 50 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 31.
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.
Power supply: AC 220V or power from a DC source voltage of 300V



Flash "Luch-M", "Luch-M1"

Manufacturer: State Enterprise "Kharkov plant of electrical equipment (ECHO)" Release year 1980, the price of 30 rubles

Flash "Luch-M" consists of two fixtures: main command - flash "Luch-M1" and further with built-in light-synchronizer - flash "Luch-M." Specifications flashbulbs "Luch-M1" and "Luch-M" are the same. (Handbook of the Soviet merchant ,FOTOTOVARY in 1981)

Note: "Luch-M" - double flash with light-synchronizer, placed in one of the "caps" rotary calculator.

The most powerful of the Soviet flashes - it LUCH М1

Flash duration: 1/2000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 227х137х115 mm

Weight: 0,9\ 1.5kg

Note: Plug the power switch

Rated Electrical energy, J: 104, 68, 36 (Three power levels)
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 40\ 32
Scattering angle of the reflector: 45°.

Radiation angle of not less than 60 °.

Power supply: AC 220V, independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)


Baltic electronic flash units.

National Enterprise «Norma»

Photo-flash lamp – PHIL (ФИЛ ). This abbreviation had Tallinn flash. But the inscriptions were always in Latin: «FIL Norma». Baltic colleagues from the former "Union" socialist republic has repeatedly argued that in fact they are still closer to Europe. Flashlights issued there have always been a stylish design and quality. And the price-appropriate quality. First plastic housings instead of metal products, various colors of devices, the first 220 v AC mains flash (so-called devices without the storage capacitor, they are lighter and more compact). Separate battery power supply flash units, Wide- and Tele- tips on the reflector. Pan-tilt reflector, the first electronic flash - "hammers", with light-synchronizer.

All these new flashes appeared in the Soviet Union first in the Baltic coast. Unfortunately, they were produced several times less than flash units in Ukraine, although some models as FIL-16, FIL-41 and FIL-46 were produced in large quantities.

In the mid-90's association Norma released a studio monoblock. But small trial batches.

In the Baltic states for flashes operating on AC 220 volts, issued the following sources of supply for the flash:

"ABP" (autonomous power supply) for the network flash (such as FIL-16). Manufacturer: National Enterprise "Norma" in Tallinn. 90th.

"BPF-1", "BPF-2" (Power Supply flash units). Manufacturer: Pilot Plant "Matas" in Vilnius 90th

Professional studio "hammer" flash had the opportunity to connect to a dry-cell battery "Molniya"

Flash" Norma FIL-1" ("EV-2", limited edition)

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year 1959

Development model of the Moscow factory MELZ "EV-2" more commonly known as flash "Norma FIL-1". It was produced in Tallinn. Muscovites gave his colleagues only technical documentation, product release so long.

Model "Norma FIL-1" can not be found on the second-hand market. It was not commercially available, and was made a limited batch for testing and subsequent refinement. It is issued by professional photographers and reporters. Next model - flash "Norma FIL-2" were produced in large quantities and it can be bought.

Flash duration: 1/500s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 220х170х70 mm

Weight: 2,4kg

Note: Plug the power switch

Rated Electrical energy: 72 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 28
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply: from the four batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12) or
electromechanical vibration voltage converter



Flash"Norma FIL-2"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year 1962

Flash duration: 1/500s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 220х170х57mm

Weight: 1,9kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 20
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply: from the four batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12) or
electromechanical vibration voltage converter



Flash"Norma FIL-3"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year 1967

Flash duration: 1/400s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 185х140х160 mm

Weight: 0,9kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 20
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply: from the four batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12) or
transistor voltage converter



Flash"Norma FIL-4"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year –?

Flash duration: 1/400s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 220х170х57mm

Weight: 2,2kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 20
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply:
Accu battery,Electromechanical vibration voltage converter, Charger

№4

Flash"Norma FIL-5"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year -?

Flash duration: 1/200s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 190х420х70mm

Weight: 1,7kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 58 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 25
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply:from the four low-voltage batteries 373 (modern - D or R20), a
transistor voltage converter

Flash"Norma FIL-6"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year -?

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 196х200х77mm

Weight: 1,8kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 36 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 20
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply: AC 220V, power from a DC source voltage of 300V



Flash"Norma FIL-7"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year -?

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 170х170х68mm

Weight: 1,3 kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 58\ 29 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
25\18
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°
Power supply: AC 220V



Flash"Norma FIL-8"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year -?

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 130х84х38mm

Weight: 0.6 kg

Note:

Rated Electrical energy: 18 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
15
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°

Power supply: AC 220V, power from the DC source voltage of 300V, 2 low-voltage battery-KBSL 0.5 or 3336L ( modern - 4.5 V or 3R12), a transistor voltage converter



Flash"Norma FIL-9"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Release year -1965

Notes: The flash without the storage capacitor, fed directly from the 220V, and therefore was more compact and lighter

Flash duration: 1/100-1/150 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 100х155х45mm

Weight: 0,25kg

Rated Electrical energy: 30\45 J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 18\22
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°

Power supply: AC 220V,

Note: Wide dissemination of this flash is not received, as it works only on AC power, has a low stability of the flash energy and other shortcomings.



Flash"Norma FIL-10 Nova " , "Norma FIL-10M Nova "

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Production year 1964- 1968

Note: The models differ in the shape of the reflector

Скоро будут другие иллюстрации


Flashduration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec

Dimensions : 100х155х45 mm

Weight: 1kg and 0.9kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 22
Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°

Power supply:AC 220V,from the four low-voltage batteries 373 (modern - D or R20), a transistor voltage converter

Flash"Norma FIL-11"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Releaseyear -1969

Note: For the first time the unit has been divided into two separate modules: the battery power supply and an electronic flash unit from AC 220 volts.

Flashduration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec(from an external power supply-18 sec)

Dimensions : 40х48х108(external power supply)

Weight: 0.3kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 24
Scattering angle of the reflector: 80°

Power supply:AC 220V, power from the DC source voltage of 300V( transistor voltage converter)

Flash"Norma FIL-11M"

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Production year 1968, price 32 rubles

Note: This unit has been divided into two separate modules: the battery power supply and an electronic flash unit from AC 220 volts.

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec(from an external power supply-18 sec)

Dimensions : 85х48х78(flash unit), 40х48х108(external power supply)

Weight: 0,24 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 16
Scattering angle of the reflector: 80°
Power
supply:AC 220V,powerfromtheDCsourcevoltageof 300V( transistorvoltageconverter)

Flash"Norma FIL-12" (or - "Photon"?)

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Production year 1970

Model Norma FIL-12 under the name of «Saulute» was produced in the Baltic States, and under the name of "Photon" - in the factories of Kharkiv: "Elitan" and "ECHO".

As mentioned earlier, when the Soviet planned economy the same model flashbulbs produced at different factories of the country.

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10 sec(from an external power supply-18 sec)

Dimensions :

Weight: 0,3 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 24
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°
Power
supply:AC 220V,powerfromtheDCsourcevoltageof 300V( transistorvoltageconverter)

Flash"Norma FIL-16"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1982-1994

Note: For AC 220V flash PHIL-16 are produced "Autonomus power supply" (battery power supply). Dimensions: 148х40х108 mm. This converts the initial voltage of the 4 battery "373" type D (the biggest "round" battery) from 1.5 to 220 V

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20 sec

Dimensions : 85х46х101

Weight: 0,32kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 16
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°
Power supply: AC 220V, 4 batteries 373 (modern classification of D or R20)

Flash "PHIL-22"

Manufacturer: National Enterprise "Norma", Tallinn. Year of production 1992-1998

Note: Complete first used 2 nozzles: (Wide-Tele). For wide-angle and telephoto lenses. They were called " light scattering" and "set top box" (the hub of the light beam).

The flash was a logical extension of the concept of Ukrainian flash "Electronika FE-16" (FE 16U -2) (simply "Electronics")

It seems that their designers “ slept with the same girls "J

Скоро будут другие иллюстрации

Flash duration: 1.4ms

The minimum interval between flashes: 25 sec

The number of flashes from a set of batteries: 80

Dimensions: 66х107х63mm

Weight: 190g (without batteries)

Rated Electrical energy:
Guide Number: for film ISO100 (21DIN) is 22


Scattering angle of the reflector: ( horizontal \ vertical) 57 ° \ 40 °

Scattering angle of the reflector “Wide”: ( horizontal \ vertical) 68°\50°,

Scattering angle of the reflector “Tele”: ( horizontal \ vertical) 32°\23

Power supply: 4 AA batteries.

Flash"Norma FIL-40" ("Svet")

Manufacturer: Factory "Norma", Tallinn. Production year: the mid-1960s, price

Note: similar products are produced under the brand name flash "Svet" at the factory "Elitan" in Kharkov

Colors on Housing: black, gray.

This electronic photo-flash does not contain storage capacitor and is powered directly from the AC 220V, and therefore was more compact and lighter. As mentioned earlier, when the Soviet planned economy the same model of electronic photo-flash produced at different factories of the country.

Note: An electronic circuit of this photoflash are permit to use a high voltage batteries because it contains rectifier diodes D1 and D2

Скоро будут другие иллюстрации

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 6-7 sec

Dimensions :165x80x65

Weight: 0,51 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 40J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 16
Scattering angle of the reflector: 80°.
Power supply: AC 220V

Flash"PHIL-41" ("FIL-41M", "FIL-42")

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Productionyear 1970-s

A model of "FIL-41M" has been redesigned, the scale of "Extracts exposure calculator" was moved from the rear surface to the side.

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 85х48х108 mm

Weight: 0,3 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 24
Scattering angle of the reflector: 80°.
Power supply: AC 220V,
power from the DC source voltage of 300V( transistor voltage converter)

Flash"PHIL-42"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1970-s

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 85х48х78 mm

Weight: 0,3 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 24
Scattering angle of the reflector:
50°
Power supply: AC 220V,
power from the DC source voltage of 300V( transistor voltage converter)

Flash"PHIL-46"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1984

Flashduration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20sec

Dimensions : 85х46х101 mm

Weight: 0,32 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 16
Scattering angle of the reflector:
50°
Power supply: AC 220V,
power from the DC source voltage of 300V( transistor voltage converter)


Flash"PHIL-100"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1970

Flash duration: 1/400 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 223х105х86 mm

Weight: 0,71 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 104J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 28\40
Scattering angle of the reflector: 85°\30°
Power supply: AC 220V,
independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)

№5

Flash"Norma FIL-101"

Manufacturer:Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1970s

Notes: Set of two flash units, light-synchronizer placed on the slave flash

The photoflash FIL-102 - a simple flash. The voltage on the sync almost 300V. The photoflash FIL-101 is similar to the FIL-102 flash unit, but is distinguished by the presence of built-in light-synchronizer.

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 223х105х86 mm

Weight: 0,64 kg (1,28 kg)

Rated Electrical energy: 68J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
18\28
Scattering angle of the reflector: 85°\30°
Power supply: AC 220V,
independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)


Flash" Norma FIL -101", " Norma FIL -102"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1970s

Notes: Set of two flash units, light-synchronizer placed on the slave flash

The photoflash FIL-102 - a simple flash. The voltage on the sync almost 300V. The photoflash FIL-101 is similar to the FIL-102 flash unit, but is distinguished by the presence of built-in light-synchronizer.

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 223х105х86 mm

Weight: 0,64 kg (1,28 kg)

Rated Electrical energy: 68J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
18\28
Scattering angle of the reflector: 85°\30°
Power supply: AC 220V,
independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)



Flash" Norma FIL -105"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1980s

The flash FIL-105 - a simple flash with a Guide Number - 34 at ISO100. The voltage on the sync almost 300V.

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 84х82х214 mm

Weight: 0,61 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 68J
Guide Number: for film ISO-100 is
34
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50
Power supply: AC 220V,
independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)

Flash" Norma FIL -106"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1980s

The photoflash FIL-106 is similar to the FIL-105 flash unit, but is distinguished by the presence of built-in light-synchronizer.

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 84х82х214 mm

Weight: 0,62 kg (1,22 kg)

Rated Electrical energy: 68J
Guide Number: for film ISO-100 is
34
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50
Power supply: AC 220V,
independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)

Flash" Norma FIL -107"

Manufacturer: Production Association "Norma",Tallinn. Production year 1980s

Notes: Set of two flash units, light-synchronizer placed on the slave flash

FIL-107 - a set of two flash units: FIL-105 + FIL-106, pictured above just illustrates this kit. FIL-105 was used as the lead that runs from the camera via the sync cable. FIL-106 - as a slave that is synchronized thanks to built-in light-synchronizer. In the photo set, except sync cables, the right shows two adapter to connect to the dry battery "Molniya" (300-330 Volt) and a bracket for mounting the master flash with the camera.

On the rear side of of flashes has a calculator for calculating the working diaphragm predetermined distance lighting.

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 84х82х214 mm

Weight: 1,24kg

Rated Electrical energy: 68J
Guide Number: for film ISO-100 is
34
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50
Power supply: AC 220V,
independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)

Production Association "Sigma", Lithuania

Flash "EV-5"

Manufacturer: Association "Sigma", Lithuania. Production year 1967

Note: This is a product under the brand name "Leningrad" is also produced at the plant "MELZ" (Moscow electric lamp factory)

As mentioned earlier, when the Soviet planned economy the same model flash units produced at different factories of the country.

Flash duration: 1/500 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 15-20 c

Dimensions: 150х62х148 mm

Weight: 1.2 kg,

Notes: one set of batteries provides 70-75 flashes

Flash had included an additional diffuser, which can be mounted on the reflector

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 16

Angle light scattering: of 60 °.

Power supply: AC 220 or two batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (flat batteries from a flashlight (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12)

Flash «Saulute»

Manufacturer: Association "Sigma", Lithuania. Production year 1972-1980 price of 16 rubles

Notes: In the flash unit set quality collapsible sync contact, which is very rare and can be used to repair other flashes

Performance of the product casing colors: black, gray.

Notes: In the flash unit set quality collapsible sync contact, which is very rare and can be used to repair other flashes

Manufacturer: Vilnius Plant of calculating machines

Manufacturer: Pabrade plant of countable instrument-building "Modulis"

LOGO Vilnius Plant of calculating machines (nmd Lenin)

LOGO Pabrade plant of countable instrument-building "Modulis"

Flash duration: 1/1000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 10c

Dimensions: 51х85х75 mm

Weight: 0.3 kg,

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 16

Angle light scattering: of 60 °.

Power supply: AC 220V



Flash «Saulute-ll»

Manufacturer:Vilnius Plant of calculating machines. Production year ending 1980 Price of 50 rubles

Note: the first Soviet flash with the possibility of horizontal \ vertical movement of the reflector

Скоро будет другая иллюстрация

Flashduration: 1/1000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 20c

Dimensions: 71х57х179 mm

Weight: 0.4 kg,

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 18

Angle light scattering: of 50 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V, accu batteries (battery D-0.55 C), 4 AA type battery

Ukrainian electronic photo flash

OAO"Elitan", Ukraine.

Kharkov factory Radiodetal (plant №206 (харьковскийсовнархоз) Kharkov Economic Council). Plant abolished in 1998 on the territory of the plant operating on, and later - Open Joint Stock Company "Elitan." Where is the archive of the enterprise is not known.

Other names: Kharkov factory "Radiodetal", "plant №206 of Kharkov sovnarkhoze (Economic Council)." In addition to the plant were assembled portable TV "Electronika", electronic flashes, speakers and so on. Closed in 1998

LOGOKharkov factory "Radiodetal" was used from 1960 to 1973. The same plant "Radiodetal" from 1972 to 1989:

LOGOState Enterprise "Kharkov plant of electrical equipment (ECHO)"

LOGOState Enterprise Lorta, Lviv State Plant


Flash"Chaika-Inductor"

Manufacturer: Factory Nº206, Kharkov Sovnarkhoz(Economic Council)

Year of production: approximately 1958-1963 ..

Notes: fully autonomous - the capacitor can be charged by a dynamo.

The product has unlike conventional flash units. Specially designed to operate in the field and remote places. Flash can run on AC 220 and 127 V, as well as on the built-in inductor, like the army field telephones. It does not use the dry battery with 300 V.

Inductor capacitor feeds directly: twisted handle inductor to lit lamp means you can take pictures.

Released a small party to equip photographers KGB Chief Directorate "slaughter" of the USSR, also got a bit of geologists, zoologists and polar explorers.

Flash duration: 1/2000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 20c

Dimensions:265x220x115

Weight: 2.8 kg

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 22

Angle light scattering: of 50 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V, the built-in inductor

Flash"Chaika "

Manufacturer: KharkovSovnarkhoz (Economic Council)

Yearofproduction: 1964

Notes: Flash design is based on models, "Luch", produced by the same Industry (flash "Luch" had been usually two reflector)

The illuminator has a foot end of the handle for attachment to the camera or tripod skid plate. Power supply unit is placed in a leather case_ In the space of the case fit when carrying reflector and cords

Flash duration: 1/2000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 20c

Dimensions: 210х165х85

Weight: 1,6кг

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 22

Angle light scattering: of 50 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V or two batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (flat batteries from a flashlight (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12)

Flash"Chaika S"

Manufacturer: KharkovSovnarkhoz (Economic Council)

Year of production: 1967

Notes: a calculator for calculating the working diaphragm replaced to the front side of the reflector.

Flash duration: 1/2000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 20c

Dimensions: 210х165х85

Weight: 1,6кг

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 22

Angle light scattering: of 45 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V or two batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (flat batteries from a flashlight (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12)

Flash"Chaika 2"

Manufacturer: OAO"Elitan"(Open Joint Stock Company "Elitan")

Year of production: 1974 – 1990

Note: Portable flash upgraded

Flash duration: 1/2000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 12-20s

Dimensions: 190x160x80 (box)

Weight: 1,6кг

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 22

Angle light scattering: of 50 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V or two batteries KBSL-0.5 or 3336L (flat batteries from a flashlight (modern - 4.5 V \ 3R12)

Flash"Svet"

Manufacturer:Factory "Radiodetal, Kharkiv.

Year of production: the mid-1960s, the price of 17 rubles

This is flash without storage capacitor. It is powered directly from the AC 220V, and therefore was more compact and lighter. Flash "Svet" as subsequently flash "Photon" and some others can be powered by the type PN-70 transistor voltage converter.

Note: This is a product under the brand name "Norma FIL-40", was issued in the mid-1960s at the "Norma" in Tallinn. As mentioned earlier, when the Soviet planned economy the same model of flashunit are produced at different factories of the country.

Flash duration: 1/1000 sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 6-10s

Dimensions: data are prepared

Weight: 0.5 kg

Rated electrical energy: 24 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 16

Angle light scattering: of 80°.

Power supply: AC 220 V, power from the DC source voltage of 300V(type PN-70 transistor voltage converter)

Flash "Kristall"

Manufacturer: Factory "Radiodetal, Kharkiv.

Year of production: early1970

Flash duration: 1\500sec

The minimum interval between flashes: 15 sec

Dimensions: 84x70x44

Weight: 250 gr

Rated electrical energy: 220

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO: 16

Angle light scattering: of 60 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V, power from the DC source voltage of 300V(type PN-70 transistor voltage converter)

Flash "Photon" (Electronika)

Manufacturer: Production Association "Elitan" Kharkiv.

Year of production: the mid-1970s, the price of 19 rubles

Performance of the product casing colors: black, gray.

Note: This flash was made at different times by at least four companies. Inscription "Electronika" is usually put on the cover for the flash.

Since 1991, the production of this product has been launched as the State Enterprise "Kharkov plant of electrical equipment (ECHO)"

In Ukraine for flashlights running on AC 220 volts (such as "Photon") issued a battery power supply "PN-70" - "voltage converter" (stand-alone power supply flash). Manufacturer: Production Association "Elitan".

Flash duration: 1/2000 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 15 sec

Dimensions: 93х82х58 mm

Weight: 195 gr

Rated electrical energy: 36 J

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO:24

Angle light scattering: of 50 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V, power from the DC source voltage of 300V(type PN-70 transistor voltage converter)

Flash“Electronika L5-01” ("Photon-2")

Manufacturer: Production Association "Elitan" Kharkiv.

Year of production: 1981, the price

Performance of the product casing colors: black, gray, beige

Note:Flash was a modernized version of the model "Photon"- differ housing and design, with the same technical characteristics.

Flash duration: 1/2500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 15 sec

Dimensions: 126х85х50 mm

Weight: 0,55кг

Rated electrical energy: 20, 28, 40 J(can be switch at a position of 20 to 40 J)

Guide number for the film - 65 ISO:10,14,20

Angle light scattering: of 50 °.

Power supply: AC 220 V, six AA batteries or a voltage converter types PN -70(power from the DC source voltage of 300V)

№6

LOGO Lorta, State Enterprise "Lviv State Plant"

Flash "Electronika B5-04"

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1970, the price

Flash duration: 1/500 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10sec

Dimensions : 78х84х195 mm

Weight: 0,5 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 68J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
35
Scattering angle of the reflector: 65°
Power supply: AC 220V,
340М independent - the power from a DC source voltage (battery "Molniya", 300V)

Flash "Electron"

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1982, the price

Notes - Built-in rechargeable device

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 10-20(battery), 15-25 (AC 127V\220V)

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 50

Dimensions : 96x70x35

Weight: 330 gr

Rated Electrical energy: 16J
Guide Number: for film ISO-130 is 15

Scattering angle of the reflector: data are prepared
Power supply: built-in battery charging via the charger from the AC 127V\220V


Flash "Electronika B5-08"

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1982

Flash duration: 1/2000s

The minimum interval between flashes: 20s

Dimensions : 37х62х13 mm

Weight: 0,31kg

Rated Electrical energy: 12J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 12
Scattering angle of the reflector: 72°
Power supplies - from AC 127 or 220V, transistor voltage converter

Flash "Electronika B5-11" (version of the "Electronika B5-11" kit PSU )

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1982

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 10s(with battery)

Dimensions : 113х62х36 mm

Weight: data are prepared

Rated Electrical energy: 16J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 12
Scattering angle of the reflector: 72°
Power supply: 4 AA battery



Flash "Electronika B5-11" kit PSU

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1981


Flashduration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 30s

Dimensions : 113х62х36 mm

Weight: 0,2kg

Rated Electrical energy: 16J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 12
Scattering angle of the reflector: 72°
Power supply: AC 220V,
4 AA battery

Flash "Electronika B5-21" ("Danko 20 C")

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Productionyear 1981. Price 16 \ 19 rubles

Flash duration: 1/1000s

The minimum interval between flashes: 15s

Dimensions : 35х80х91 mm

Weight: 0,315kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 20
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°
Power supply: from AC 220V or DC voltage of 300V(
transistor voltage converter)



Flash "Electronika B5-22" ("Danko 18AC")

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1981. Price 55 rubles

Notes: Automatic flash

Automatic action area, m

for Relative Aperture Camera 5.6 - 0.8-3.2 (film 65 ISO)

for Relative Aperture Camera 8 - 0.8-2.2 (film 65 ISO)


Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 6s

Dimensions : 102х39х90

Weight: 0,385kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
18
Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°
Power supply: AC 220V

Flash"ElectronikaB5-24" ("Danko")

Manufacturer:Arzamas radiodetailsfactory. Production year 1981. Price 35 rubles

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1982. Price 42 rubles

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 15 s

Dimensions : 85х55х137

Weight: 0,47kg

Rated Electrical energy: 36J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is
22
Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 70 °, vertical - 55 °

Power supply: AC 220V, independent - built-in rechargeable battery D-0.55C - 5pcs

The total quantity of flashes from freshly charged batteries: 60

built-in rechargeable battery D-0.55C



Flash "Electronika FE-14AU"

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1976. Price 35 rubles

Notes: Automatic flash. Flash has a separate light detector, which is mounted on the camera (see. Pictured)

A multi-purpose device with automatic dosage of the radiation pulse of light to achieve the desired level of illumination of the subject in the range of distances from 1 to 8 meters.

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 10-60 s

Dimensions : 198х89х80 mm

Weight: 0,7kg

Rated Electrical energy: 26J
Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 26
Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 70 °, vertical - 60 °

Power supply: from AC 220V or DC voltage of 340V (330M - powered by battery type "Molniya").

The total quantity of flashes from freshly 330Mbattery: 100





Flash "Electronika FE-15U"

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1988. Price

Notes: Rechargeable flash unit and an external charging unit

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 10s

Dimensions: 102х58х35 mm

Weight: 0,21kg

Rated Electrical energy: 21J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 14

Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °

Power supply: AC 127 V or 220 V, built-in Rechargeable battery

Flash "Electronika FE-16" (Electronika FE-16"U-2)

(or simply "Electronika")

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Production year 1988. Price

Notes: The concept has been further developed as a Flash « Norma FIL-22»

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 10s

Dimensions:102х60х60 mm

Weight: 0,21kg

Rated Electrical energy: 21J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 14

Scattering angle of the reflector: 60 °

Power supply: 4 AA typebattery, AC 220 V - via an external power supply


Electronic flash "FE-20"

Notes: Photo from the auction Slando.ua

Manufacturer: data are prepared

Year of production: data are prepared

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: data are prepared

Dimensions:data are prepared

Weight: data are prepared

Rated Electrical energy: data are prepared

Guide Number: data are prepared

Scattering angle of the reflector: data are prepared

Power supply: 4 AA typebattery,

Flash "Electronika FE-25"

Manufacturer: data are prepared

Year of production: data are prepared

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 20s

Dimensions:205х75х91mm

Weight: 0.5 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 40J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 18

Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°

Power supply: from AC 220V, Rechargeable battery


Flash "Electronika FE-26" ("Danko")

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant"(?). Production year 1989. Price of 24 rubles 70 kopecks

Note - first only battery-powered Soviet compact electronic flash unit

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 15s

Dimensions:60х60х34 mm

Weight: 0.1kg (weight without the two AA batteries - 100 g).

Rated Electrical energy: 12J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 8

Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°

Power supply: 4 AA typebattery

The post-Soviet flash

Next flash issued by the former Soviet Union for technological developments made ​​prior to 1991. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, each republic was trying to make electronic flash units on their own, but not to "scare" the buyer of new and unfamiliar names have been preserved photoflashes standardized labeling.

Flash "Electronika FE-27" ("Danko14C")

Manufacturer: Arzamas radiodetailsfactory.Russia, Date of manufacture:1989

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Ukraine, Date of manufacture: (?)

Manufacturer: BelOMO (Minsk). Belarus .Date of manufacture: (?)

Performance of the product casing colors: black, brown, gray.

Flash duration: 200 microseconds.

The minimum interval between flashes: 8 s

Dimensions: data are prepared

Weight: 0,145 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 18J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 16

Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°

Power supply: AC power 220 or DC voltage of 300V( transistor voltage converter)

№7

Flash "Electronika FE-28" ("Zvyozdochka")

Manufacturer: Arzamas radiodetailsfactory.Russia, Date of manufacture:1990

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Ukraine, Date of manufacture: (?)

Manufacturer: BelOMO (Minsk). (?) Belarus .Date of manufacture: (?)

Price of 24 rubles 70 kopecks

Flash duration: 80 microseconds.

The minimum interval between flashes: 7 s

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 80

Dimensions:33х75х60mm

Weight: 0,1 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 12J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 14

Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 60 °, vertical - 50 °

Power supply: 2 AA typebattery

Flash "Electronika FE-29" (limited edition)

Manufacturer:BelOMO (Minsk).

Date of manufacture:1988

Note: Special addl design automatic flash. Released as a modular element to the camera "Elikon-1." But the camera "Elikon" later released with integrated flash and "FE-29" has remained a prototype.

"Elikon-1" has a terminal from the left side of the case for joining the flash lamp "FE-29", the light energy of the radiation which is adjusted automatically according to the brightness of the object (the lamp attached to the end of the unit)

Flash duration: data are prepared

The minimum interval between flashes: 12 s

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 80

Dimensions: 59,5х63,5х30 mm

Weight: 0,1 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 9,8 J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 10

Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 60 °, vertical - 42 °

Power supply: 2 AA type battery

Camera with built-in flash"Elikon-35C"

Manufacturer: BelOMO, Minsk. Date of manufacture: 1989

This first Soviet camera with built-in flash "Elikon-35C" (BelOMO). The family of unified camera with built-in flash units include bar graph cameras "Elikon-3", "Elikon-4", "Elikon-35s", "Elikon-Autofokus."

Camera with built-in flash "LOMO LC-M2" (GOMZ, Lomo LC-M2)
Manufacturer: Association GOMZ LOMO, year 1990

Notes: Prototypes camera LOMO LC-M2 had built-in flash.

Camera from collection Alain Berry (France)

Camera with built-in flash "Zenit-35F»
Manufacturer: Association LOMO
Year of production from 1987 to 1992,

The family of unified camera with built-in flash units include bar graph camera "Zenit-35F", "Zenith-35F1", "Zenith-35FM", 1987 - 1992, LOMO.
Note: Camera LOMO association produced under the trademark of another company - Krasnogorsk mechanical plant. The camera was mainly for export.

Flash built with a guide number - 9 (at 100 ISO).


Zenit-35F - Soviet simplest camera LOMO production. The camera itself refers to a semi-automatic "Soap". Structurally, the camera is made of impact-resistant plastic injection molding. The back cover is metal. On the reliability of this camera is the best in the world in its class.
On the basis of this model were produced camera "Zenit-35F1" and "Zenit-35FM".

Model "Zenit-35F1" different automatic switch flash lamp with a lack of light; beginning of production - 1992 year. Model "Zenit-35FM" additionally had to have a built-in motor drive.


Camera with built-in flash "Elektron-2" (Photo-Flash "Ogonyok")
In the late 50s the Leningrad plant "GOMZ" (LOMO) released several cameras, codenamed "Ogonyok".
Camera "Elektron-2"

"Aidas Pikiotas" from the book "The Age of LOMO. Cameras and People" (2013):

/ ... The idea to put in one body (all in one) a camera and a photo-flash was implemented on GOMZe in the late fifties. Especially for this purpose has been developed reusable flash "Ogonyok". Probably for this reason, both the combined camera and got the name "Ogonyok", although the version with the camera, "Lubitel-2" worth the name of "Elektron" and a variant of the camera "Smena-2" (or " Smena -4") - "Elektron-2".

In extreme large body of "Elektron" was dimensional placed: camera "Lubitel-2" and electronic flash "Ogonyok" and a heavy battery for reusable flash is charging. It is safe to say that it was the giant dimensions of the chamber were the main reason that this camera into production and did not go.

Shortly after the first attempt designers of the plant has been designed and more compact version of the camera called "Elektron-2". Despite a more convenient arrangement, "Elektron-2" too no went into production. If the "Elektron" for a wide film could easily be used for more professional work, then the "Elektron-2" with a simple camera "Smena" was only just a child's toy for young amateur photographers.

It is important to recall that, apart from the two cameras were combined and pre-production versions of removable electronic flash lamp "Ogonyok " camera "Smena-2" and "Younost". Unfortunately, these samples into production did not go, they suffered the same sad fate. In the practice of collecting any version set with flash lamp "Ogonyok " is extremely rare ... /


A little bit about flash lamps for underwater photography.

Flash for underwater photo-boxing (LOMO)
Manufacturer: Association LOMO. Year: 1960's
Notes: Prototype...

In 1960 was released the first Soviet underwater case “UPK” (universal underwater camera). The electronic flash for this box was designed, but in production, he did not go.
Flashlights for Soviet submarines boxes are not manufactured in the USSR, but they produced in the GDR, the factory VEB Elgawa. LOMO specialists was assigned to the corresponding documentation. Mention it in his memoirs, German pensioners - former engineers from WEB.


Underwater scuba Boxing Flash (Kharkiv)

Manufacturer: Association "Elitan" (Kharkiv) year: 1980

Notes: Prototype

Makes it very difficult lighting for underwater photography. Here's an example. In the 1980s. device design underwater servo-blitts "Blik" was made by Kharkiv specialists. As the power of the electronic circuit used battery "Molniya"

Camera with built-in flash "Akvakon-2"
Manufacturer: Association LOMO. Year of manufacture from 1988 i1990 year

In 1988, was developed the domestic underwater camera - "Akvakon." In the camera was contained a mechanism of "LOMO-compact". For its camera was developed the outside flash. Then in 1990 was developed modernized " Akvakon-2 " that contains a built-in flash. " Akvakon-2 " worth mechanism from the camera" Zenit-35FM "motor-driven (and with built-in flash).
Total in the late eighties - early nineties of the last century, it was released just ten cameras "Akvakon" and six "Akvakon-2." Preserved only prototypes, which have become a rarity for collectors of photography.
SOURCE: "Aidas Pikiotas" book "The Age of LOMO. Cameras and People" (2013):

Flash "Electronika FE-30" («FE -30A», («FE -30A-1»)

Manufacturer: plant "REZEL" Moscow "Experimental Plant of pulse technology"Release year:1990,

the price of the model "FE-30" - 36 rubles ; model "FE-30A-1" - 60 rubles.

Note: For exploitation this series of photographic flashes "FE-30" were used: power supply for photoflash (BPF-30\ “БПФ-30”) or the Rechargeable battery pack .

Differences between the models are additional elements and controls.

Model "FE-30A" - the first in the USSR auto flash unit with energy conservation

Model "FE-30A-1" is additionally equipped light-receiver type SP-30, allowing to remove the flash from the camera on the 1.5m.

Flash duration: 0,5-600 microseconds

The minimum interval between flashes:

the elements of A-316 (AA) - 10 sec.

rechargeable battery NKGZ (НКГЦ)-0.45 - 6 sec.

from AC 220V or " BPF-30" - 12 sec.

The number of flashes from one set of batteries:

the elements of A-316 (AA) - 150.

rechargeable battery NKGZ (НКГЦ)-0.45 - 90

Dimensions: data are prepared

Weight: Model "FE-30" - 0.21 kg; model "FE-30A-1" - 0.25 kg

Rated Electrical energy: data are prepared

Guide Number: for film ISO-125 is 25

Angle of rotation: right - 180 °, to the left - 90 °, up - 90 °, down - 15 °

Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 55 °, vertical - 30 °

Power supply: AC 220 V or 4 AA batteries

Flash "Electronika FE-31", "Electronika FE-31A"

Manufacturer:JSC "REZEL" Moscow "Experimental Plant of pulse technology"Release year:1993

NOTE: Model "FE-31A" is distinguished by the light receiver, which is located to the left of the reflector, and is designed to set the time automatically illuminate the subject. The model also differs from the flash "FE-31" reference tables calculator graphic design (Relative Aperture Camera ).

Flash duration: 0,1 - 0,02 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 10

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 100

Dimensions: data are prepared

Weight: Model "FE-31" - 0,085 kg; model "FE-31A" - 0,095kg

Rated Electrical energy:

Guide Number: for film ISO-125 is 12

Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 50°, vertical - 40 °

Power supply: 2 AA batteries ("А-316")

Flash "Electronika FE-32"

Manufacturer:(not verified)

Release year:1993

Flash duration: 1.0 ms

The minimum interval between flashes: 10-12 sec

Dimensions: 76 Х 77,5 Х 80

Weight: 0.21 kg

Rated Electrical energy:

Guide Number: for film ISO-125 is 25

Angle of rotation: right - 180 °, to the left - 90 °, up - 90 °, down - 15 °

Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 55°, vertical - 30 °

Power supply: AC power 220V

Flash "Electronika" ("Electronika FE-16")

Manufacturer: Lorta, SE "Lviv State Plant". Ukraine

Date of manufacture: 1988

Flash duration: 10 s

The minimum interval between flashes: 15 sec

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 100

Dimensions: 60х60х34

Weight: 0.21 kg

Rated Electrical energy: 12J

Guide Number: for film ISO-125 is 25

Scattering angle of the reflector: 60°

Power supply: 4 AA batteries, AC 220 V via an external power supply

Flash "Electronika FE-34" (“Ogonyok”)

Manufacturer:(not verified)

Date of manufacture:1993

Manufacturer: Factory "Razryad" (Vladikavkaz)

Manufacturer: SE "Lviv State Plant"

price

Flash duration:

The minimum interval between flashes: 7-30 sec

Dimensions: 87х77х60 mm

Weight: 0,25 kg (weight without battery)

Rated Electrical energy: 12J

Guide Number: for film ISO-65 is 14

Scattering angle of the reflector: 50°/50°.

Power supply: 3 AA batteries(А316).

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 120

Flash "Electronika FE-35M"

Manufacturer:JSC "PO" Plant Stella. "Moscow, Zelenograd.

Date of manufacture: 1993

The main activity of "PO" Plant Stella Is the production of optical instruments, photos and film equipment, except for repairs.

Model FE-35, FE-35M - the further development of the family "Electronika FE-30”s"

(in brackets shows the data for the model "M").

Flash duration: 1.0 (0.9) ms

The minimum interval between flashes: 10(7)sec

Dimensions: 76 Х 77,5 Х 80

Weight: 0.21 kg

Rated Electrical energy:

Guide Number: for film ISO-125 is 25(20),

Angle of rotation: right - 180 °, to the left - 90 °, up - 90 °, down - 15 °

Scattering angle of the reflector: in a horizontal plane - 55°, vertical - 30 °

Power supply: AC power 220V

Flash "Smena10v" («Смена 10в»)

Manufacturer: LOMO(Leningrad optical-mechanical association)

Date of manufacture:1990 (limited edition)

In 1990, at Photokina was announced photo-camera "Smena-20." For its photo-camera was designed flash " Smena-10v." To synchronize with a flash provided a "hot shoe". Distinguished by small size and weight. Performed at the Leningrad optical-mechanical association. (LOMO) presumably until the mid-1990s.

Notes:To synchronize with a flash provided a "hot shoe".

Flash duration:

The minimum interval between flashes: 12 sec

Dimensions: 45 х35х70 mm

Weight: 0,1 kg (weight without battery)

Rated Electrical energy: 12J

Guide Number: for film ISO-100 is 10 (Effective from 1 m to 4 m)

Scattering angle of the reflector: 42°/60°.

Power supply: 2 AA batteries(А316).

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 120


Flash"Peleng"

Manufacturer, BelOMO, Minsk, Belarus, Date of manufacture:1990





Notes:To synchronize with a flash provided a "hot shoe".

Flash duration:

The minimum interval between flashes: 12 sec

Dimensions: 51х40х75 mm

Weight: 0,1 kg (weight without battery)

Rated Electrical energy: 12J

Guide Number: for film ISO-100 is 10 (Effective from 1 m to 4 m)

Scattering angle of the reflector:

Power supply: 2 AA batteries (А316).

The number of flashes from one set of batteries: 80

Factory logo on the Soviet photoflash

Strictly legally now there is only the concept of "trademark".

However, it must be remembered that the various terms of the labeling have slightly different meanings. Especially a big difference between "sign" and "brand" that is often mixed. By "mark" correctly understood generally any unpronounceable graphic image "stamp" is - necessarily title.

LOGO "MELZ" Moscow electric lamp factory

LOGO Plant "Razryad" (Vladikavkaz)

LOGOArzamas radiodetailsfactory

LOGO JSC "REZEL" Moscow "Experimental Plant of pulse technology"

LOGO (not verified)

LOGO (not verified)

National Enterprise «Norma»,Tallinn, Estonia

LOGO National Enterprise «Norma»

Production Association "Sigma", Lithuania

LOGO Vilnius Plant of calculating machines (nmd Lenin)

LOGO Pabrade plant of countable instrument-building "Modulis"

Belarus optical-mechanical association

LOGO BelOMO (Belarus optical-mechanical association) Minsk,

JSC "Elitan", Ukraine.

Other names: Kharkov factory "Radiodetal", "Kharkov Sovnarkhoz”(Economic Council)

Also at this plant were assembled portable TV "Electronika", flash units, speakers and so on. Closed in 1998

LOGO Kharkov factory "Radiodetal", 1960 - 1973 years. from 1972 to 1989:

LOGO SOE "Kharkiv Plant of Electrical equipment (ECHO)

SE Lorta (Lviv State Plant) , Ukraine

LOGO State Enterprise Lorta (Lviv State Plant) (not verified)

.

LOGO SE Lorta (Lviv State Plant) (not verified)


Created by Vlad on 9/1/2014 3:38:53 PM   |   Last Edited by fototoka on 10/21/2014 3:15:19 PM   Revision History  
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